BERGAMOT (Citrus bergamia)
Often referred to as Bergamot Orange, the fruit looks more like a lime or lemon as it has a green skin that ages to bright yellow. The fruit and the leaves are both very fragrant with the skin used for the oil which is extracted and used to flavour teas such as ‘Earl Grey’ as well as sweets and perfumes. The flesh is bitter and very acidic, making it unpalatable to eat direct from the tree. The tree is vigorous and strong growing.
BUDDHA’S HAND (Citrus medica ‘Fingered Citron’)
The most unusual citrus ever! Produces mutant fruit that has long finger shaped segments that resemble a hand. The fruit and leaves have a very strong perfume. There is no flesh, most of the fruit being rind, that is often used to make candied peel. Amaze your friends and plant one today, it will be the talking point of your whole street when it fruits.
CHINOTTO (Citrus myrtifolia)
This compact shrub has small pointed leaves unlike any other citrus. Fruits very heavily every year with masses of orange coloured fruit that are about golf ball size. The fruit often form in clusters and resemble a bunch of grapes on the weeping branches. The fruit is sour and used to make the Italian drink of the same name, ‘Chinotto’. Makes a great pot specimen.
ETROG (Citrus medica ‘Etrog’)
This unusual citron variety is best described as a lemon on steroids. It can be up to double the size of a lemon, long and elongated in shape, with a thickish skin. The fruit is used in Jewish religious ceremonies.
The Lemonade variety originated in Australia and was promoted by Engall"s Nursery, even making the front page of the Sydney morning Herald in the late eighties. It is now widely grown in backyards throughout Australia. The Lemonade, looks like a lemon, but can be eaten straight from the tree, just like a mandarin, or an orange. It's a lot sweeter than a lemon with a refreshing tang. It truly has to be tasted to be appreciated. It makes a refreshing drink when juiced. The tree is upright grower that produces an abundance of fruit, ripening mid-winter. Be the envy of all your friends when they sample this unusual fruit, that can't be purchased at any fruit shop.
SUDACHI (Citrus sudachi)
Sudachi is a variety of citrus originating in Japan and used in a similar way as Yuzu. The fruit is small, round and green turning yellow / orange when completely ripe. The juice is used as a replacement for vinegar, and the zest is considered more aromatic than either lemons or limes. The fruit ripens April - June. Sudachi is a small to medium tree reaching 4 - 5 metres when grown in the ground in ideal conditions.
TANGELO MINNEOLA (Citrus x tangelo)
The tangelo is a cross between mandarin and grapefruit. Minneola is the most well-known of the tangelo varieties commonly available in Australia. The fruit ripens in winter and is round or bell shaped with a distinct neck at the top. It has loose skin that is easy to peel, the flesh is very juicy and has a sweet flavour with slight grapefruit characteristics. The tree is a medium grower, reaching to 5 metres in good conditions and the dark orange fruit contrasts beautifully against the glossy, green leaves.
TANGELO SEMINOLE (Citrus x tangelo)
Tangelos are a cross between a mandarin and a grapefruit with bright orange skin and some tartness to the flavour like a grapefruit. This variety has medium - large, bright orange / red mandarin-like fruit with a very juicy, soft flesh and some seeds. The rind fits tightly to the flesh. They are an attractive container plant or a feature tree reaching to 5 metres in ideal conditions and will produce a heavy crop. The fruit ripens late winter to spring. If you already have an orange or a mandarin, then a tangelo is next!
YUZU (Citrus junos)
Yuzu is becoming increasingly popular in Australia as interest in Korean and Japanese food grows. The flavour of Yuzu fruit is tart and slightly bitter, somewhere between grapefruit and mandarin. It is not traditionally eaten fresh, but is used to make sauces, preserves and vinegar. Depending on the region, Yuzu fruit from Autumn through to Spring.